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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Cassandra vs. GeoMesa

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Cassandra vs. GeoMesa

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonGeoMesa  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessGeoMesa is a distributed spatio-temporal DBMS based on various systems as storage layer.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsVector DBMS infostarting with release V5
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.02
Rank#130  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score103.86
Rank#12  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score0.81
Rank#214  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.geomesa.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestwww.geomesa.org/­documentation/­stable/­user/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookCCRi and others
Initial release201420082014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20194.1.3, July 20234.0.5, February 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBCProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnono
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"depending on storage layer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibledepending on storage layer
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
depending on storage layer
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnodepending on storage layer
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users can be defined per objectyes infodepending on the DBMS used for storage
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache PhoenixCassandraGeoMesa
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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