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DBMS > Apache Phoenix vs. Blazegraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS

System Properties Comparison Apache Phoenix vs. Blazegraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2GIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Spatial extension of H2
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Wide column storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.26
Rank#94  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#180  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score0.04
Rank#324  Overall
#4  Spatial DBMS
Websitephoenix.apache.orgblazegraph.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.h2gis.org
Technical documentationphoenix.apache.orgwiki.blazegraph.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.h2gis.org/­docs/­home
DeveloperApache Software FoundationBlazegraphGoogleCNRS
Initial release2014200620152013
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20192.1.5, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoLGPL 3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesnoyes infobased on H2
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infobased on H2
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsHadoop integrationnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in Graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancySecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infobased on H2

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More resources
Apache PhoenixBlazegraphGoogle Cloud BigtableH2GIS
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