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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. PostgreSQL vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.30
Rank#151  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score52.07
Rank#21  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release20151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2014
Current release3.1.0, July 202013.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)yes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functions
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache KylinPostgreSQLSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Luke Han
17 September 2021, Forbes

Why Analytics Warehouse Is the Answer to Big Data Analytics
21 September 2021, Toolbox

Kyligence adds ad hoc exploration to its Apache Kylin-based analytics platform
10 August 2021, SiliconANGLE News

The Coolest Data Analytics and Business Intelligence CEOs of 2021
17 September 2021, Solutions Review

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

provided by Google News

Crunchy Data Delivers Trusted PostgreSQL Containers In Collaboration With The US Department Of Defense
20 September 2021, PRNewswire

Instaclustr Adds PostgreSQL to Managed Platform in Public Preview
14 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 13
5 September 2021, InfoQ.com

Instaclustr Including PostgreSQL in Managed Data Platform - Now in Public Preview
19 September 2021, insideBIGDATA

Oracle to PostgreSQL? 6 Reasons to Make Your Open Source Migration
16 September 2021, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

Will Amazon Web Services Partnership Restore Snowflake’s Triple-Digit Growth?
24 September 2021, Forbes

Snowflake targets financial services with its first industry-specific data cloud
14 September 2021, VentureBeat

Snowflake and Citi Securities Services Re-Imagine Data Flows Across Financial Services Transactions
22 September 2021, Business Wire

Citi Sharing Post-Trade Data With Snowflake to Ease Settlement
22 September 2021, Bloomberg

Snowflake doubters voice reservations over data warehouse's attempt to break into financial services
17 September 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

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