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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. etcd vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. etcd vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. Teradata Aster

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackA distributed reliable key-value storeWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud servicePlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
www.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docsetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
docs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncOracleSAPTeradata
Initial release2015198020102005
Current release3.1.0, July 20203.4, August 201919c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)noyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, RR packages
Triggersyes, watching key changesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnoyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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