DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. etcd vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. etcd vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonetcd  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackA distributed reliable key-value storeMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Widely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score11.54
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score106.42
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
mariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docsetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
mariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
OracleSAP
Initial release2015200919802010
Current release3.1.0, July 20203.4, August 201910.6.5, November 202119c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaGoC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)noyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC
JSON over HTTP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3PL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, R
Triggersyes, watching key changesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache KylinetcdMariaDBOracleSAP HANA
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache KylinetcdMariaDBOracleSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

Kyligence CEO Identifies Big Data, Cloud, AI and Data Analytics Predictions for 2022
16 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

Kyligence Doubles Down on Cubes in the Cloud
22 January 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

How to restore a Kubernetes cluster from an etcd snapshot
16 December 2021, TechTarget

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

How to invest in silver with minimal hassle and diversify your portfolio
14 January 2022, Mint

etcd: the Not-so-Secret Sauce in Google's Kubernetes and Pivotal's Cloud Foundry
16 July 2014, Data Center Knowledge

Distributed Key-Value Store etcd Graduates at CNCF
29 November 2020, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Principled Technologies Study Compares MariaDB Performance Between Two Sets of Google Cloud Platform Configurations with Different Generations of Intel Processors
6 January 2022, PR.com

Your occasional storage digest with MariaDB, HPE, WD, IBM and more – Blocks and Files
24 June 2021, Blocks and Files

NoSQL Market: Size, Share, Analysis, Regional Outlook and Forecast 2021-2026
21 January 2022, Northwest Diamond Notes

MariaDB Announces New Innovation Release Model
9 December 2021, Business Wire

Install NextCloud server on AlmaLinux 8 - Open Source personal cloud
22 January 2022, Linux Shout

provided by Google News

IBM Preconfigures Power System Racks Running Oracle Database
17 January 2022, IT Jungle

Oracle opens Johannesburg cloud region as demand for data centres grows
21 January 2022, CIO

Can Oracle make Cerner's EHR sing? CIOs and analysts chime in
21 January 2022, Healthcare IT News

Tom Still: Once just a dream, digital healthcare data yielding tangible results
23 January 2022, Madison.com

Oracle Launches Cloud Region in Italy
3 January 2022, Datamation

provided by Google News

Navigating the Road to SAP® HANA
7 January 2022, Toolbox

Difference Between SAP HANA and NetWeaver: Things to know
20 January 2022, BollyInside

Rise with SAP will continue to evolve in 2022
20 January 2022, TechTarget

SAP, Tanduay bring globally admired rhum closer to the world
22 January 2022, The Manila Times

What's next for SAP HANA 1.0 users
21 September 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Marketing Specialist
Kyligence, United States

Software Engineer
Kyligence, United States

Senior Solutions Architect
Kyligence, New York, NY

Senior Technical Support Engineer
Kyligence, San Jose, CA

Technical Writer
Kyligence, Bellevue, WA

Junior Developer
Paradyme Management, Washington, DC

Software Engineer
Braintree, San Jose, CA

Platform Engineer – SysAdmin
Grant Street Group, Remote

DevOps Engineer
Newegg, Industry, CA

Software Engineer, Data Streaming-Remote
TigerGraph, California

Cloud Support Engineer I - Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Remote

NOC Technician M/F
smartTrade, New York, NY

Lead QA
Connvertex Technologies Inc., Salt Lake City, UT

Inside Sales Representative (remote)
Percona, Boston, MA

MySQL DBA I
Percona, Remote

Oracle Database Administrator 3/Senior Oracle Database Administrator
MidAmerican Energy, Las Vegas, NV

Oracle Database Administrator
Ness Technologies, Canonsburg, PA

Oracle Database Developer
Pinnacle Group, Plano, TX

Oracle Database Administrator: Junior
IBM, Monroe, LA

Oracle Database Administrator
Oracle, United States

SAP S/4 HANA Jr Consultant (US Based)
SAP, Allen, TX

Senior SAP Hana Developer |LATAM|
BairesDev, Colon, PA

Data Modeler - SAP HANA (DWC)
Parts Town, Fort Wayne, IN

SAP HANA 2.0 consultant
Cognizant Technology Solutions, Austin, TX

SAP BW HANA Architect
NR Consulting LLC, Boston, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here