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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Snowflake vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Snowflake vs. Tkrzw

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackAnalytic DBMS for HadoopCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#340  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Websitekylin.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.snowflake.comdbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncClouderaSnowflake Computing Inc.Mikio Hirabayashi
Initial release2015201320142020
Current release3.1.0, July 20204.0.0, July 20210.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxhostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Apache KylinImpalaSnowflakeTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

Kyligence CEO Identifies Big Data, Cloud, AI and Data Analytics Predictions for 2022
16 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

Kyligence Doubles Down on Cubes in the Cloud
22 January 2021, Datanami

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6 January 2022, ChannelE2E

All your database are belong to us: Snowflake named DBMS of the year by DB-Engines
6 January 2022, The Register

Leaving Shared Database Accounts Behind: Securing Snowflake and MongoDB
23 January 2022, Security Boulevard

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