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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Snowflake vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Snowflake vs. Sqrrl

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackAnalytic DBMS for HadoopCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.snowflake.comsqrrl.com
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncClouderaSnowflake Computing Inc.Amazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release2015201320142012
Current release3.1.0, July 20204.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxhostedLinux
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyesSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

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More resources
Apache KylinImpalaSnowflakeSqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

Kyligence CEO Identifies Big Data, Cloud, AI and Data Analytics Predictions for 2022
16 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

Kyligence Doubles Down on Cubes in the Cloud
22 January 2021, Datanami

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Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Harnessing Data In Motion - insideHPC
10 January 2022, insideHPC

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

Cloudera aims to bring real-time queries to Hadoop, big data
24 October 2012, ZDNet

provided by Google News

All Eyes on Snowflake and Databricks in 2022
20 January 2022, Datanami

DataOps.live and Okera Joint Solution Automates and Extends Snowflake Data Security Across the Enterprise
25 January 2022, PRNewswire

Piano partners with Snowflake to activate customer data at scale
21 January 2022, MarTech

Firebolt, a data warehouse startup, raises $100M at a $1.4B valuation for faster, cheaper analytics on large data sets
26 January 2022, TechCrunch

Snowflake stock nabs an upgrade as 'quality matters' in volatile markets
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User and Entity Behavior Analytics (UEBA) Software Market Insights, Scope, Trends, Growth And Forecast to 2029 – The Oxford Spokesman
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