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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncClouderaMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2015201320162014
Current release3.1.0, July 20204.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Apache KylinImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSnowflake
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

Kyligence CEO Identifies Big Data, Cloud, AI and Data Analytics Predictions for 2022
16 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

Big Data Analytics Startup Kyligence Raises $70M In Series D Funding
21 April 2021, CRN

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Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

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Harnessing Data In Motion - insideHPC
10 January 2022, insideHPC

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

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24 October 2012, ZDNet

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