DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. Cassandra vs. Dgraph vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.38
Rank#145  Overall
#69  Relational DBMS
Score123.55
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgdgraph.ioazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docscassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookDgraph Labs, Inc.Microsoft
Initial release2015200820162010
Current release3.1.0, July 20204.0.1, September 2021V12
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
Implementation languageJavaJavaGoC++
Server operating systemsLinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)SQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoTransact SQL
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"yes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSynchronous replication via Raftyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache KylinCassandraDgraphMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Horizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Instaclustr: Hosted & Managed Apache Cassandra as a Service
» more

DataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache KylinCassandraDgraphMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
DB-Engines blog posts

Cassandra keeps climbing the ranks of the DB-Engines Ranking
3 May 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Winners, losers and an attractive newcomer in Novembers DB-Engines ranking
2 November 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

Distributed OLAPer Kyligence accelerates core engine, adds real-time data support – Blocks and Files
10 August 2021, Blocks and Files

Apache Kylin Adds Real-time OLAP
3 January 2020, iProgrammer

Kyligence Doubles Down on Cubes in the Cloud
22 January 2021, Datanami

Kyligence CEO Identifies Big Data, Cloud, AI and Data Analytics Predictions for 2022
16 December 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

NoSQL Databases | When to Use NoSQL vs SQL
19 January 2022, Server Watch

DataStax gRPC API for Cassandra Boosts Multi-Cloud, Microservices App Performance
14 January 2022, Integration Developers

NoSQL Databases are the Problem, Not the Solution
3 January 2022, Walter Bradley Center for Natural and Artificial Intelligence

NoSQL database types explained: Graph
30 December 2021, TechTarget

“We are the CIO’s secret weapon”
13 January 2022, The Stack

provided by Google News

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Marketing Specialist
Kyligence, United States

Technical Writer
Kyligence, Bellevue, WA

Product Marketing Manager
Kyligence, Bellevue, WA

Software Engineer
Kyligence, United States

Senior Technical Support Engineer
Kyligence, San Jose, CA

Database Engineer
MasterCard, San Francisco, CA

Database Administrator
IXL Learning, San Mateo, CA

Database Engineer, Cassandra
Blizzard Entertainment, Irvine, CA

Cassandra Database Administrator
Ping Identity, Austin, TX

Data Engineer
Balbix, San Jose, CA

Data Scientist, Senior
Booz Allen Hamilton, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Architect (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Plano, TX

Senior QA Analyst - SaaS (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Remote

Developer/Analyst, Senior (NJUS)
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Innovation Lab Lead Developer - Cloud/AWS
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Technical Support Engineering - Azure SQL Database (PaaS)
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

Azure SQL Database Administrator - Managed Services
3Cloud, Illinois

Software Engineer
Microsoft, Austin, TX

SQL Developer
Tredence, Las Vegas, NV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here