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DBMS > Apache Kylin vs. Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Apache Kylin vs. Blazegraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Kylin  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionA distributed analytics engine for big data, providing a SQL interface and multi-dimensional analysis (OLAP) and leveraging the Hadoop stackHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.35
Rank#151  Overall
#75  Relational DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score159.09
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitekylin.apache.orgblazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationkylin.apache.org/­docswiki.blazegraph.comwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from eBay IncBlazegraphElasticMicrosoft
Initial release2015200620102016
Current release3.1.0, July 20202.1.5, March 20197.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI SQL for queries (using Apache Calcite)SPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQL
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yes

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More resources
Apache KylinBlazegraphElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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Recent citations in the news

Overhauling Apache Kylin for the cloud
18 November 2021, InfoWorld

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