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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. RDF4J vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. RDF4J vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Virtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRDF storeRDF storeGraph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#107  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score0.50
Rank#206  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score3.06
Rank#98  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#49  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlrdf4j.orgvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldocs.rdf4j.orgdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.OpenLink Software
Initial release200020041998
Current release3.12.0, May 20198.2, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
HTTP API
OLE DB
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaJava
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia event handleryesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena Securitynofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsVirtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance & Scale โ€” as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosUsed for โ€” Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including โ€” European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsLargest installed-base โ€‹of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameVirtuoso
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