DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. TimesTen

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#102  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#137  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release200020161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1998
Current release4.3.2, December 202114.3, May 202211 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.PL/SQL
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena Securityyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDatasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache Jena - TDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQLTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Security Bulletin 11 May 2022
11 May 2022, Cyber Security Agency of Singapore

Security Bulletin 18 May 2022
18 May 2022, Cyber Security Agency of Singapore

There's a NoSQL Database for That
22 July 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

Microsoft Releases Security Advisory for Azure Data Factory and Azure Synapse Pipelines | CISA
10 May 2022, US-CERT

Microsoft launches deeper integrations between its data products
24 May 2022, TechCrunch

Microsoft announces new Azure capabilities around cloud-native apps, data analytics and hybrid cloud operations
24 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Microsoft Touts IntelliJ IDE from JetBrains for Azure Development
29 April 2022, Visual Studio Magazine

Vulnerability mitigated in the third-party Data Connector used in Azure Synapse pipelines and Azure Data Factory (CVE-2022-29972)
9 May 2022, IT Security News

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 15 Beta Released
23 May 2022, iProgrammer

Google Cloud Introduces PostgreSQL-Compatible AlloyDB for Enterprise Database Workloads
21 May 2022, InfoQ.com

Review: YugabyteDB does PostgreSQL proud
16 May 2022, InfoWorld

ExtraReplica: Microsoft patches cross-tenant bug in Azure PostgreSQL
28 April 2022, ZDNet

Why Run Postgres in Kubernetes?
5 May 2022, Container Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Analytic Developer
GliaCell Technologies, Hanover, MD

Research Engineer for Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering
Bosch Group, Sunnyvale, CA

Artificial Intelligence Developer
BLH Technologies, Inc., Rockville, MD

Data Discovery Developer - Scientific Computing & Data
Mount Sinai, New York, NY

Senior Manager, Software Engineering DevSecOps
Thermo Fisher Scientific, Carlsbad, CA

Azure DevOps Engineer
zettalogix.Inc, Remote

Senior DBA/Architect (SQL Server/Azure Synapse)
Dynamic Placement Services, LLC, Remote

Azure Data Engineer
Neal Analytics, Remote

Azure Data Engineer
Cloudtechnosoftllc, Remote

Senior AZURE ADMIN (Cloud) - AZURE PaaS / Databricks / Synapse / Presto DB
AMERICAN SOFTWARE LLC, Remote

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database–Redis/MongoDB) Las Vegas, NV/ST. LOUIS, MO
Emonics LLC, Las Vegas, NV

PostgreSQL (Any NO/SQL Database-Redis/MongoDB) ST. LOUIS, MO/Las Vegas, NV
Emonics LLC, St. Louis, MO

PostgreSQL Developer- Full Time Role
Visionary Innovative Technology Solutions, New York, NY

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL)
Volto Consulting, Remote

Java Developer
DataEdge Usa, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here