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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. GraphDB vs. Virtuoso

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#107  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score1.14
Rank#149  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.06
Rank#98  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#49  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsOntotextOpenLink Software
Initial release200020001998
Current release3.12.0, May 20198.8, January 20198.2, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
OLE DB
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Server Pluginyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena Securityyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
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