DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. GraphDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.84
Rank#104  Overall
#4  RDF stores
Score2.86
Rank#103  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#3  RDF stores
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlwww.ontotext.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsOntotextPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200020001989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.2.0, September 20219.8, June 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
On Demand Talks, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

There's a NoSQL Database for That
22 July 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.8 Brings Text Mining and Kafka Connectivity
2 June 2021, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.4 Brings Better Search and Aggregation in Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2021, PRNewswire

What are graph database query languages?
3 September 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

The PostgresSQL Transition Guide Helps You Make The Switch
18 January 2022, iProgrammer

Dev's PostgreSQL experiment probes possibility of zero-downtime schema migration
12 January 2022, The Register

Cloud Native Patterns with Postgres on K8s
17 January 2022, JAXenter

Instaclustr aims to build open source data infrastructure ecosystem
23 December 2021, VentureBeat

Crunchy Data Launches France Operations to Build on Momentum in Europe
3 January 2022, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Analytic Developer
GliaCell Technologies, Hanover, MD

Software Engineer
Red Arch Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Engineer - Skill Level 1 - Dept. 11 6861
Que Technology Group, Fort Meade, MD

Research Engineer for Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering
Bosch Group, Sunnyvale, CA

Senior Research Engineer for Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering
Bosch Group, Sunnyvale, CA

Project Management Senior Advisor - Taxonomy (USA Remote)
Dell Technologies, Texas

Knowledge Graph and Semantics SME
CAPCO, Remote

Ontologist/Global Relationship Lead for Knowledge Management (USA Remote)
Dell Technologies, Round Rock, TX

Graph Databases Infrastructure Manager
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Jersey City, NJ

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL)
DriveForCK, Tuscaloosa, AL

PostgreSQL DBA
Intone Networks, Boston, MA

Data Analyst
Corporate Tools, Post Falls, ID

Database Administrator (PostgreSQL) | Remote or In-Office
Randall-Reilly, Tuscaloosa, AL

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Present your product here