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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Titan

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NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#105  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score3.73
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#280  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannerspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indextitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleSpotifyAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release2000201720142012
Current release4.5.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesJavaGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud SpannerHeroicTitan
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