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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. SAP Advantage Database Server vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structuresTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#102  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannerspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.htmltitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleSpotifySybase, SAPAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20002017201419932012
Current release4.3.2, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesno
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesJavaGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyesyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud SpannerHeroicSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADSTitan
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