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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Kingbase

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Heroic vs. Kingbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#105  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score3.73
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#280  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Score0.36
Rank#264  Overall
#122  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannerspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.kingbase.com.cn
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleSpotifyBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.
Initial release2000201720141999
Current release4.5.0, May 2022V8.0, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC and Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noStandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
Supported programming languagesJavaGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonouser defined functions
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud SpannerHeroicKingbase
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
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Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
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Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
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Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud SpannerHeroicKingbase
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