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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#102  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spannerwww.graphengine.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overview
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleMicrosoftSpotifySybase, SAP
Initial release20002017201020141993
Current release4.3.2, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava.NET and CJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhosted.NETLinux
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJavaGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesnoyes
Triggersyes infovia event handlernononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.yesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoStrict serializable isolationnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud SpannerGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHeroicSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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