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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.02
Rank#102  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogle
Initial release20002017
Current release4.3.2, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJavaGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesno
Triggersyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle Cloud Spanner
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