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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRDF storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.79
Rank#101  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsGoogleMicrosoftOracle
Initial release2000201019891980
Current release4.2.0, September 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyes infovia event handlernoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB Transactionsno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecurityAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBGoogle BigQueryMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
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