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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Dgraph vs. HarperDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Dgraph vs. HarperDB vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed database focused on speed and ease of use. It has an intuitive REST API, and supports NoSQL and SQL including joins. HarperDB leverages standard interfaces, and users can be up and running in minutes.A containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.84
Rank#104  Overall
#4  RDF stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#224  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score1.80
Rank#128  Overall
#21  Document stores
#23  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#63  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldgraph.ioharperdb.iowww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-iriswww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldgraph.io/­docsharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsDgraph Labs, Inc.HarperDBInterSystemsPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20002016201720181989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release4.3.2, December 20213.1, August 20212021.1, June 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree community edition availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
HarperDB Cloud: Get To Market Faster, For Less Money Using Our Built-in API.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaGoNode.jsC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freedynamic schemadepending on used data modelyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON data typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like data manipulation statementsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoCustom Functions infosince release 3.1yesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSynchronous replication via Raftyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, using LMDByesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena Securityno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users and rolesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBDgraphHarperDBInterSystems IRISPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
By combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Market metrics6,800 + npm downloads 1,600 + on Docker Hub 2,600 + cloud & local signups
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A database is only as powerful as it...
» more

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBDgraphHarperDBInterSystems IRISPostgreSQL
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