DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.84
Rank#104  Overall
#4  RDF stores
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#121  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmldgraph.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20002016201519892017
Current release4.3.2, December 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20192.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageJavaGoC++, JavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freeyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJava Stored ProceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena Securityno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache Jena - TDBDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft SQL ServerYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache Jena - TDBDgraphEsgynDBMicrosoft SQL ServerYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

There's a NoSQL Database for That
22 July 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Graph database reinvented: Dgraph secures $11.5M to pursue its unique and opinionated path
31 July 2019, ZDNet

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

High Availability for Containerized SQL Server in K8s
24 January 2022, Container Journal

PureCM Supports SQL Server with Current Release of its Version Control Solution
31 July 2010, Database Journal

Domainless Access to MS SQL Server Tutorial
30 December 2021, Security Boulevard

SQL Server 2005 Express Edition - Part 32 - Distributed Service Broker Environment - Conducting Dialogs
10 October 2008, Database Journal

Line Numbers in SQL Server Management Studio
4 September 2018, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Seals Strategic Partnership Agreement with Technology Services Provider Intuita to Support Cloud-Native Database Market Growth
18 January 2022, Business Wire

SD Times news digest: .NET Framework January 2022 update, Lucidworks announces new SaaS platform, YugaByte University expansion
13 January 2022, SDTimes.com

Yugabyte stores up $188M more for its open-source distributed SQL database model, now valued at $1.3B+
28 October 2021, TechCrunch

Future-proofing your database strategy with YugabyteDB
3 January 2022, Manila Bulletin

Yugabyte Cloud: a Managed Distributed SQL Database
6 October 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Analytic Developer
GliaCell Technologies, Hanover, MD

Software Engineer
Red Arch Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Engineer - Skill Level 1 - Dept. 11 6861
Que Technology Group, Fort Meade, MD

Research Engineer for Natural Language Processing and Knowledge Engineering
Bosch Group, Sunnyvale, CA

Graph Data Engineer (Open to Remote)
Olive, Austin, TX

Data Scientist, Senior
Booz Allen Hamilton, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior QA Analyst - SaaS (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Remote

Software Architect (REMOTE)
Leadr, Inc, Plano, TX

Innovation Lab Lead Developer - Cloud/AWS
NetJets Services, Inc., Columbus, OH

Principal Graph Database Engineer
Leadr, Inc, Remote

Manager, Solution Architecture - Project Omnia
Deloitte, Alexandria, VA

Manager, Solution Architect - DAS Project Omnia
Deloitte, Midland, TX

SQL Server Developer
WorkCog, Remote

Sr. SQL Server DBA
XTIVIA, Inc., Remote

SQL Server DBA
Volto Consulting, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Spruce, New York, NY

Azure SQL Server DBA
Mid America Mortgage, Remote

Yugabyte DBA Senior Consultant
Dell Technologies, Texas

Account Executive - East Coast(NY/NJ)
Yugabyte, Remote

Competitive Intelligence Analyst
Yugabyte, Remote

Java Developer
Illumination Works LLC, Cincinnati, OH

Database SRE
Hudson River Trading, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here