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DBMS > Apache Jena - TDB vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

System Properties Comparison Apache Jena - TDB vs. Blazegraph vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Milvus

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NameApache Jena - TDB  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.
DescriptionA RDF storage and query DBMS, shipped as an optional-use component of the Apache Jena frameworkHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searches
Primary database modelRDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSMultivalue DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#97  Overall
#3  RDF stores
Score0.87
Rank#189  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score15.71
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.21
Rank#283  Overall
#11  Multivalue DBMS
Websitejena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlblazegraph.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io
Technical documentationjena.apache.org/­documentation/­tdb/­index.htmlwiki.blazegraph.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infooriginally developed by HP LabsBlazegraphMicrosoft
Initial release2000200620162019
Current release3.17.0, November 20202.1.5, March 20191.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache License, Version 2.0Open Source infoextended commercial license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoRDF literal typesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsFuseki infoREST-style SPARQL HTTP Interface
Jena RDF API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
C++
Go
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesTransact SQLno
Triggersyes infovia event handlernonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoRelationships in Graphsno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoTDB TransactionsACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess control via Jena SecuritySecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)yesno

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More resources
Apache Jena - TDBBlazegraphMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMilvus
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