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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.18
Rank#290  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.postgresql.orgtempoiq.com (offline)www.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerTempoIQOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20181989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20121998
Current release14.0, September 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.noPL/SQL
Triggersnoyesyes infoRealtime Alertsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple authentication-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache IoTDBPostgreSQLTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Apache IoTDB now a Top-Level Project at ASF
23 September 2020, SDTimes.com

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® IoTDB™ as a Top-Level Project
23 September 2020, Yahoo Finance

SD Times news digest: Apple releases new marketing tools for App Store, Android to expand permissions auto-reset, Swift 5.5 released
21 September 2021, SDTimes.com

Apache Promotes IoT Database Project
25 September 2020, Datanami

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Program for
17 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

PostgreSQL 14 is here - what should you look out for?
14 October 2021, JAXenter

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Cloud Computing in Industrial IoT Market Analysis by Advanced Technology, Trends, Forecasts to 2027 & Covid-19
8 October 2021, openPR

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20 January 2016, LinkedIn

IIoT and Cloud Computing Market 2021-2027 Share, Growth by Geographical Region, Application, Driver, Trends, Top Company and Forecast
14 October 2021, Northwest Diamond Notes

Global IIoT and Cloud Computing Market 2020 Growing Demand and Growth Analysis 2025 | Top Players as XMPro, Carriots, IBM, Siemens AG, Sierra Wireless Inc., Bosch
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