DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Postgres-XL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.41
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.66
Rank#216  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoft
Initial release201819892014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
» more
Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
» more
Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
» more
Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache IoTDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgres-XL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Timecho, Founded by the Creators of Apache IoTDB, Raises Over US$10 Million First Fund for Open-Source Software R&D and Time-Series Database Solutions USA - English - USA - English
29 June 2022, PR Newswire

StarTree Keeps Real-Time Analytics Fresh with New Options for Pinot
24 March 2022, Datanami

Databricks Introduces Data Lineage For Unity Catalog
9 June 2022, Datanami

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Program for ApacheCon@Home 2021
17 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

Can Streaming Graphs Clean Up the Data Pipeline Mess?
28 March 2022, Datanami

provided by Google News

SQL Server 2022: Here’s what you need to know
29 July 2022, TechRepublic

SQL Server 2022 New Features
22 July 2022, Petri.com

Why No Full SQL Server Reporting/Integration Services in Visual Studio 2022?
18 July 2022, Visual Studio Magazine

Couldn't connect to West Europe SQL Databases last week? Blame operator error
25 July 2022, The Register

Why Programmers Need to Learn SQL If You Want a Job in Data?
24 July 2022, Analytics Insight

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
VV Tech Solutions, Austin, TX

SQL Server Developer
Retail Backbone, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Convazant, Remote

SQL SERVER ETL ARCHITECTURE
Tra'Bian Enterprises, Whippany, NJ

SQL Server Developer
TIAA, Charlotte, NC

Data Architect
citius tech, Burlington, MA

Database Administrator / SQL Developer
Semantic AI, San Diego, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

The right graph database.
Not a graph add-on.
Free forever.
Start solving today

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here