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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Microsoft Azure Search vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.43
Rank#255  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score7.61
Rank#58  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score620.84
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201820151989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV114.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyes infousing Azure authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBMicrosoft Azure SearchPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
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Apache IoTDBMicrosoft Azure SearchPostgreSQL
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