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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Lovefield vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Lovefield vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.24
Rank#167  Overall
#14  Time Series DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#298  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score1240.37
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orggoogle.github.io/­lovefieldwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogleOracle
Initial release201820141980
Current release1.1.0, April 20232.1.12, February 201723c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
JavaScriptC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
TriggersyesUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)noneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDByes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache IoTDBLovefieldOracle
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