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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. H2 vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. H2 vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Industry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.13
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score8.50
Rank#51  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score2.75
Rank#119  Overall
#9  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.h2database.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperApache Software FoundationThomas MuellerTobias Oetiker
Initial release201820051999
Current release1.1.0, April 20232.2.220, July 20231.8.0, 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)All OS with a Java VMHP-UX
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
JavaC infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Apache IoTDBH2RRDtool
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