DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.29
Rank#271  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score0.83
Rank#189  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.graphengine.iowww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201820101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8).NETFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache IoTDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

The Apache Software Foundation Announces Apache® IoTDB™ as
23 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

The Apache® Software Foundation Welcomes its Global Community Online at ApacheCon(TM) Asia 2021
9 June 2021, GlobeNewswire

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Program for
17 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

WAYZ.AI CEO Dr. Tao: Spatio-Temporal AI Energizes Digital Twin and Metaverse
12 November 2021, PRNewswire

Cutting-edge Katana Graph scores $28.5 million Series A Led by Intel Capital
24 February 2021, ZDNet

Latest TigerGraph Release Adds More Than 40 Features to its Graph Database
6 October 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Azurescape Vulnerability: More Evidence that Microsoft Should Leave Security to the Experts
13 September 2021, Security Boulevard

How Google and Microsoft taught search to “understand” the Web
6 June 2012, Ars Technica

provided by Google News

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

Enterprise PostgreSQL Hits the Cloud as EDB's 'BigAnimal'
3 November 2021, Datanami

AWS Announces the General Availability and Open Sourcing of Babelfish for PostgreSQL
2 November 2021, InfoQ.com

YugabyteDB 2.11 meets developer demand for comprehensive PostgreSQL compatibility
24 November 2021, Help Net Security

EDB Announces General Availability of a PostgreSQL Database in the Cloud: BigAnimal
17 November 2021, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PostgreSQL DBA
Tektree, United States

Technical Support Representative I
Dr Dispatch, Remote

Data Quality Analyst
Cleveland Cavaliers, Cleveland, OH

Customer Support Engineer
Liferay, Inc., Remote

Software Engineer - Entry Level
PathAI, Boston, MA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here