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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. Microsoft Access vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.41
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score0.88
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score146.50
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score4.79
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.graphengine.iowww.h2database.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftThomas MuellerMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release20182010200519922017
Current release2.1.210, January 20221902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava.NET and CJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8).NETAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
JavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnoyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnonenoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACIDACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2Microsoft AccessTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2Microsoft AccessTimescaleDB
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