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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.43
Rank#255  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score1.48
Rank#142  Overall
#24  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score620.84
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFoundationDBPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201820131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release6.2.28, November 202014.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
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Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin SQL-layer onlyuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Linearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
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More resources
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBPostgreSQL
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