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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB vs. Prometheus

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB vs. Prometheus

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A fully ACID in-memory object graph databaseOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring system
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#253  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score6.13
Rank#67  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
origodb.comprometheus.io
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryorigodb.com/­docsprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Robert Friberg et al
Initial release201820132009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952009 infounder the name LiveDB2015
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.7.2, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C#Go
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesUser defined using .NET types and collectionsNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infocan be achieved using .NETno infoImport of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yesno
Triggersnonoyesyes infoDomain Eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronizedSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes infoby Federation
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginedepending on modelno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoWrite ahead logyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole based authorizationno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDBPrometheus
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDBPrometheus
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