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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Milvus vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. Milvus vs. OrigoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesA fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSSearch engineDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#253  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
milvus.ioorigodb.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarymilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdorigodb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Robert Friberg et al
Initial release201820132009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 199520192009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.8.3, May 20222.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C++, GoC#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesNumeric and StringUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP API.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyes
Triggersyesnoyesnoyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and ShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Linearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenodepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage enginenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole based authorization
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBMariaDBMilvusOrigoDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
As of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBFoundationDBMariaDBMilvusOrigoDB
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