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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Firebird vs. H2

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Firebird vs. H2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebird  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkFirebird is an open source RDBMS forked from Borland's InterBaseFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.13
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score24.93
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score8.50
Rank#51  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgwww.firebirdsql.orgwww.h2database.com
Technical documentationiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmlwww.firebirdsql.org/­en/­reference-manualswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFirebird FoundationThomas Mueller
Initial release20182000 infoAs fork of Borland's InterBase2005
Current release1.1.0, April 20235.0.0, January 20242.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoInitial Developer's Public LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
server-less infoFirebird Embedded Server
Solaris
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
ADO.NET
C/C++ API
JDBC infoJaybird
ODBC
OLE DB
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesPSQLJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)nonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasSource-replica replicationWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoFeatures a multi-generational MVCC architecture, readers do not block writersyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Apache IoTDBFirebirdH2
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