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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. FoundationDB vs. MariaDB vs. OrigoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrigoDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.A fully ACID in-memory object graph database
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#253  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score111.13
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.foundationdb.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
origodb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseapple.github.io/­foundationdbmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryorigodb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014FoundationDBMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Robert Friberg et al
Initial release2018201220132009 infoFork of MySQL, which was first released in 19952009 infounder the name LiveDB
Current release6.2.28, November 202010.7.2, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C#
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyesUser defined using .NET types and collections
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infocan be achieved using .NET
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenosupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
HTTP API
LINQ
Supported programming languagesJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'in SQL-layer onlyyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes infoDomain Events
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardinghorizontal partitioning infoclient side managed; servers are not synchronized
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Linearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoin SQL-layer onlyyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginedepending on model
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes infoWrite ahead log
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyes, based on authentication and database rulesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole based authorization
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseFoundationDBMariaDBOrigoDB
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