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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. CrateDB vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. CrateDB vs. MongoDB vs. SQLite vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkDistributed Date Store based on LuceneOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Time Series DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.17
Rank#293  Overall
#24  Time Series DBMS
Score0.90
Rank#186  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
#11  Search engines
Score496.50
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score128.65
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgcrate.iowww.mongodb.comwww.sqlite.orgwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcrate.io/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationCrateMongoDB, IncDwayne Richard HippTimescale
Initial release20182013200920002017
Current release5.0, July 20213.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoPublic DomainOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++CC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)All OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-lessLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infodynamic column typesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.numerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes, but no triggers and constraintsRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSONADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesErlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsJavaScriptnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.noneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
noneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnorights management via user accountsAccess rights for users and rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBCrateDBMongoDBSQLiteTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache IoTDBCrateDBMongoDBSQLiteTimescaleDB
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Conferences and events

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Apache IoTDB now a Top-Level Project at ASF
23 September 2020, SDTimes.com

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