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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Cassandra vs. IBM Cloudant

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Cassandra vs. IBM Cloudant

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDB
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.36
Rank#264  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score114.40
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score3.33
Rank#95  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudant
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestcloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudant
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014
Initial release201820082010
Current release4.0.4, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Implementation languageJavaJavaErlang
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBCassandraIBM Cloudant
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
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Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
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No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
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Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
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Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
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Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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