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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Cassandra vs. FoundationDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSWide column storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.43
Rank#255  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score115.45
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score1.48
Rank#142  Overall
#24  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgcassandra.apache.orgwww.foundationdb.org
Technical documentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookFoundationDB
Initial release201820082013
Current release4.0.4, May 20226.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)supported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoin SQL-layer only
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Linearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users can be defined per objectno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBCassandraFoundationDB
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
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Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
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Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
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No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
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Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
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Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
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Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
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Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
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Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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