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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. Cachelot.io vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. Cachelot.io vs. Graph Engine vs. H2 vs. TimescaleDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonCachelot.io  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkIn-memory caching systemA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.41
Rank#253  Overall
#21  Time Series DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#56  Key-value stores
Score0.88
Rank#188  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#32  Key-value stores
Score9.81
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score4.79
Rank#81  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgcachelot.iowww.graphengine.iowww.h2database.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.timescale.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftThomas MuellerTimescale
Initial release20182015201020052017
Current release2.1.210, January 20222.6.0, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoSimplified BSD LicenseOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
.NETAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenonoyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
Memcached protocolRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Java.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesnooptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBCachelot.ioGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2TimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsApache IoTDB (Internet of Things Database) is a time series data management system...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesLow Cost and High Performance Tens of million points write throughput High compression...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT / IIoT End-Edge-Cloud Collaboration Real-Time and Historian Time Series Analytics
» more
Time-series Analytics TimescaleDB boosts the performance of PostgreSQL for time-series...
» more
Key customersOver 200 customers worldwide, including Bosch, Siemens, Komat'su, Alibaba, etc.
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco, Nutanix, Warner...
» more
Market metrics185+ contributors and 10,000+ times monthly clones on GitHub Rank 7 by commits among...
» more
With over 12,700 GitHub stars and growing, 1,000,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source: Apache License v2.0 Pricing for commercial-/cloud-/edge-edition provided...
» more
TimescaleDB is available as a self-hosted product under two licenses, the Timescale...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache IoTDBCachelot.ioGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityH2TimescaleDB
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