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DBMS > Apache IoTDB vs. ArangoDB vs. H2

System Properties Comparison Apache IoTDB vs. ArangoDB vs. H2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonArangoDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkNative multi-model DBMS for graph, document, key/value and search. All in one engine and accessible with one query language.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engine
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.13
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score4.34
Rank#85  Overall
#14  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
#10  Search engines
Score8.50
Rank#51  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websiteiotdb.apache.orgarangodb.comwww.h2database.com
Technical documentationiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmldocs.arangodb.comwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeInstagram
DeveloperApache Software FoundationArangoDB Inc.Thomas Mueller
Initial release201820122005
Current release1.1.0, April 20233.11.5, November 20232.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial license (Enterprise) availableOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-free infoautomatically recognizes schema within a collectionyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, double, boolean, list, hashyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
Native API
AQL
Foxx Framework
Graph API (Gremlin)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Java & SpringData
JSON style queries
VelocyPack/VelocyStream
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Rust
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)Sharding infosince version 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasSource-replica replication with configurable replication factorWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsIntegration with Hadoop and Sparkno infocan be done with stored procedures in JavaScriptno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Eventual Consistency infoconfigurable per collection or per write
Immediate Consistency
OneShard (highly available, fault-tolerant deployment mode with ACID semantics)
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache IoTDBArangoDBH2
Specific characteristicsGraph and Beyond. With more than 11,000 stargazers on GitHub, ArangoDB is the leading...
» more
Competitive advantagesConsolidation: As a native multi-model database, can be used as a full blown document...
» more
Typical application scenariosNative multi-model in ArangoDB is being used for a broad range of projects across...
» more
Key customersCisco, Barclays, Refinitive, Siemens Mentor, Kabbage, Liaison, Douglas, MakeMyTrip,...
» more
Market metricsArangoDB is the leading native multi-model database with over 11,000 stargazers on...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsVery permissive Apache 2 License for Community Edition & commercial licenses are...
» more

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More resources
Apache IoTDBArangoDBH2
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