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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. ScyllaDB vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. ScyllaDB vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonScyllaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopCassandra and DynamoDB compatible wide column storeMySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeKey-value storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.77
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score4.75
Rank#68  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score5.60
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgwww.scylladb.comwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldocs.scylladb.comdocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaScyllaDBSingleStore Inc.
Initial release201320152013
Current release4.1.0, June 2022ScyllaDB Open Source 5.4.1, January 20248.5, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoOpen Source (AGPL), commercial license availablecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Scylla Cloud: Create real-time applications that run at global scale with Scylla Cloud, the industry’s most powerful NoSQL DBaaSSingleStoreDB Cloud: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++C++C++, Go
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infocluster global secondary indicesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)yes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol (CQL) infocompatible with CQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Thrift
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
MongoDB API
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCFor CQL interface: C#, C++, Clojure, Erlang, Go, Haskell, Java, JavaScript, Node.js, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, Rust, Scala
For DynamoDB interface: .Net, ColdFusion, Erlang, Groovy, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes, Luayes
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleSource-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Tunable Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanono infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoin-memory tablesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights for users can be defined per objectFine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaScyllaDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsScyllaDB is engineered to deliver predictable performance at scale. It’s adopted...
» more
SingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
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Competitive advantagesHighly-performant (efficiently utilizes full resources of a node and network; millions...
» more
SingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
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Typical application scenariosScyllaDB is ideal for applications that require high throughput and low latency at...
» more
Driving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
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Key customersDiscord, Epic Games, Expedia, Zillow, Comcast, Disney+ Hotstar, Samsung, ShareChat,...
» more
IEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsScyllaDB typically offers ~75% total cost of ownership savings, with ~5X higher throughput...
» more
Customers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsScyllaDB Open Source - free open source software (AGPL) ScyllaDB Enterprise - subscription-based...
» more
F ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
Apache ImpalaScyllaDBSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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SingleStore: The Increasing Momentum of Multi-Model Database Systems
14 February 2022,  Akmal Chaudhri, SingleStore (sponsor) 

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Apache Impala becomes Top-Level Project
28 November 2017, SDTimes.com

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