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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. NebulaGraph vs. Tkrzw

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. NebulaGraph vs. Tkrzw

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonNebulaGraph  Xexclude from comparisonTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSA concept of libraries, allowing an application program to store and query key-value pairs in a file. Successor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.03
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.12
Rank#125  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.09
Rank#354  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Websiteimpala.apache.orggithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
www.nebula-graph.io
dbmx.net/­tkrzw
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldocs.nebula-graph.io
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaVesoft Inc.Mikio Hirabayashi
Initial release201320192020
Current release4.1.0, June 20220.9.3, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxLinuxLinux
macOS
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Cypher Query Language
GO Object Graph Mapper
Java Object Graph Mapper
NGBatis infoORM framework for NebulaGraph and Spring-Boot
Proprietary native API
Python Object Graph Mapper
Query language nGQL
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C++
Go
Java
PHP
Python
C++
Java
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorCausal Clustering using Raft protocolnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infousing specific database classes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosRole-based access controlno
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaNebulaGraphTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
Specific characteristicsNebulaGraph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebulaGraph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCompanies from a variety of industries have implemented NebulaGraph Database in production,...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, NebulaGraph has already received over 10,000 stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebulaGraph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license.
» more

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More resources
Apache ImpalaNebulaGraphTkrzw infoSuccessor of Tokyo Cabinet and Kyoto Cabinet
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