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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. Microsoft Access vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. Microsoft Access vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)TypeDB provides developers with an expressive, customizable type system to manage their data using an award-winning query language, TypeQL, while building on a high-performance, distributed architecture.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the graph database model.
Object oriented DBMS infoThe data model of TypeDB comprises object-oriented features such as class inheritance and interfaces.
Relational DBMS infoThe type-theoretic data model of TypeDB subsumes the relational database model.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.45
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score101.16
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.70
Rank#230  Overall
#20  Graph DBMS
#8  Object oriented DBMS
#106  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesstypedb.com
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesstypedb.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaMicrosoftVaticle
Initial release201319922016
Current release4.1.0, June 20221902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20192.28.3, June 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinuxWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardno
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (IDE)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
All JVM based languages
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneno
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factornoneSynchronous replication via raft
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaMicrosoft AccessTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsTypeDB is a polymorphic database with a conceptual data model, a strong subtyping...
» more
Competitive advantagesTypeDB provides a new level of expressivity, extensibility, interoperability, and...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache f or language drivers, and AGPL and Commercial for the database server. The...
» more

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More resources
Apache ImpalaMicrosoft AccessTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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