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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. MaxDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. MaxDB vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Vector DBMS infosince Oracle 23
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score13.77
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.32
Rank#112  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score1236.29
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgmaxdb.sap.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Oracle
Initial release201319841980
Current release4.1.0, June 20227.9.10.12, February 202423c, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemsLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache ImpalaMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DOracle
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Conferences, events and webinars

Oracle Cloud World
Las Vegas, 9-12 September 2024

Recent citations in the news

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Cloudera Bringing Impala to AWS Cloud
28 November 2017, Datanami

Apache Impala becomes Top-Level Project
28 November 2017, SDTimes.com

Apache Doris just 'graduated': Why care about this SQL data warehouse
24 June 2022, InfoWorld

Hudi: Uber Engineering’s Incremental Processing Framework on Apache Hadoop
12 March 2017, Uber

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11 August 2020, SAP News

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29 March 2023, TechTarget

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28 July 2021, E3-Magazin

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