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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. H2GIS vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. H2GIS vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonH2GIS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopSpatial extension of H2Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.03
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#372  Overall
#7  Spatial DBMS
Score22.71
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgwww.h2gis.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlwww.h2gis.org/­docs/­homedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaCNRSMicrosoft
Initial release201320132016
Current release4.1.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoLGPL 3.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinuxhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJavaC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infobased on H2Transact SQL
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes infobased on H2yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infobased on H2yes

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More resources
Apache ImpalaH2GISMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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