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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. FoundationDB vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. FoundationDB vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.57
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.02
Rank#185  Overall
#31  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#86  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#258  Overall
#120  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orggithub.com/­apple/­foundationdbwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaFoundationDB
Initial release201320132014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release4.1.0, June 20226.2.28, November 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementssupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducein SQL-layer onlyuser defined functions
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Apache ImpalaFoundationDBPostgres-XL
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Apache Impala becomes Top-Level Project
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28 September 2023, DevClass

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19 April 2018, GeekWire

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