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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. CockroachDB vs. Trino

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. CockroachDB vs. Trino

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonTrino  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Fast distributed SQL query engine for big data analytics. Forked from Presto and originally named PrestoSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Key-value store
Spatial DBMS
Search engine
Time Series DBMS
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.57
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score5.44
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgwww.cockroachlabs.comtrino.io
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docstrino.io/­broadcast
trino.io/­docs/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHub
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaCockroach LabsTrino Software Foundation
Initial release201320152012 info2020 rebranded from PrestoSQL
Current release4.1.0, June 202224.1.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Starburst Galaxy offers a feature-rich user interface to connect all your data sources, manage your Trino clusters, and query your data.
Implementation languageC++GoJava
Server operating systemsLinuxLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
macOS infofor devlopment
Data schemeyesdynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesdepending on connected data-source
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
JDBCJDBC
RESTful HTTP API
Trino CLI
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes, depending on connected data-source
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTdepending on connected data-source
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorMulti-source replication using RAFTdepending on connected data-source
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencydepending on connected data-source
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDdepending on connected data-source
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesdepending on connected data-source
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosRole-based access controlSQL standard access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaCockroachDBTrino
Specific characteristicsTrino is the fastest open source, massively parallel processing SQL query engine...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh performance analtyics and data processing of very large data sets Powerful ANSI...
» more
Typical application scenariosPerformant analytics query engine for data warehouses, data lakes, and data lakehouses...
» more
Key customersTrino is widely adopted across the globe as freely-available open source software....
» more
Market metrics33000+ commits in GitHub 8200+ stargazers in GitHub 1200+ pull requests merged in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTrino is an open source project and usage is therefore free. Commercial offerings...
» more
News

62: A lakehouse that simply works at Prezi
11 July 2024

Announcing Trino Summit 2024
11 July 2024

Trino Fest 2024 recap
24 June 2024

61: Trino powers business intelligence
20 June 2024

One busy week to go before Trino Fest 2024
6 June 2024

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Apache ImpalaCockroachDBTrino
Recent citations in the news

Apache Impala becomes Top-Level Project
28 November 2017, SDTimes.com

Hudi: Uber Engineering’s Incremental Processing Framework on Apache Hadoop
12 March 2017, Uber

How different SQL-on-Hadoop engines satisfy BI workloads
24 February 2016, CIO

StarRocks Brings Speedy OLAP Database to the Cloud
14 July 2022, Datanami

Updates & Upserts in Hadoop Ecosystem with Apache Kudu
27 October 2017, KDnuggets

provided by Google News

Cockroach Labs Deepens Partnership with Google Cloud, CockroachDB Selected to Join Google Distributed Cloud
9 April 2024, PR Newswire

CockroachDB tempts legacy databases to crawl into the cloud age
29 January 2024, The Register

DoorDash Uses CockroachDB to Create Config Management Platform for Microservices
14 February 2024, InfoQ.com

How to Unlock Real-Time Data Streams with CockroachDB and Amazon MSK | Amazon Web Services
6 November 2023, AWS Blog

How DoorDash Migrated from Aurora Postgres to CockroachDB
5 December 2023, The New Stack

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The Perfect AI Storage: Trino From Facebook And Iceberg From Netflix?
30 April 2024, The Next Platform

Starburst Brings Dataframes Into Trino Platform
7 September 2023, Datanami

Query big data with resilience using Trino in Amazon EMR with Amazon EC2 Spot Instances for less cost
4 October 2023, AWS Blog

A look at Presto, Trino SQL query engines
9 August 2022, TechTarget

Trino: The Open-source Data Query Engine That Split from Facebook
30 March 2022, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News



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