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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA high-performance, column-oriented SQL DBMS for online analytical processing (OLAP) that uses all available system resources to their full potential to process each analytical query as fast as possible. It is available as both an open-source software and a cloud offering.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.06
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score16.31
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score424.53
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websiteimpala.apache.orgclickhouse.comwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlclickhouse.com/­docswww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manual
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaClickhouse Inc.MongoDB, Inc
Initial release201320162009
Current release4.1.0, June 2022v23.12.1.1368-stable, December 20236.0.7, June 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
  • ClickHouse Cloud: Get the performance you love from open source ClickHouse in a serverless offering that takes care of the details so you can spend more time getting insight out of the fastest database on earth.
  • DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsClose to ANSI SQL (SQL/JSON + extensions)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
JDBC
MySQL wire protocol
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Proprietary protocol
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Rust
Scala info3rd party library
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesJavaScript
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingkey based and customSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorAsynchronous and synchronous physical replication; geographically distributed replicas; support for object storages.Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights for users and roles. Column and row based policies. Quotas and resource limits. Pluggable authentication with LDAP and Kerberos. Password based, X.509 certificate, and SSH key authentication.Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaClickHouseMongoDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
» more

Aiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache ImpalaClickHouseMongoDB
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