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DBMS > Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse vs. InfluxDB

System Properties Comparison Apache Impala vs. ClickHouse vs. InfluxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Impala  Xexclude from comparisonClickHouse  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAnalytic DBMS for HadoopA high-performance, column-oriented SQL DBMS for online analytical processing (OLAP) that uses all available system resources to their full potential to process each analytical query as fast as possible. It is available as both an open-source software and a cloud offering.DBMS for storing time series, events and metrics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith GEO package
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score12.45
Rank#40  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score15.55
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score24.39
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Websiteimpala.apache.orgclickhouse.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overview
Technical documentationimpala.apache.org/­impala-docs.htmlclickhouse.com/­docsdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by ClouderaClickhouse Inc.
Initial release201320162013
Current release4.1.0, June 2022v24.4.2.141-stable, June 20242.7.6, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Aiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
  • ClickHouse Cloud: Get the performance you love from open source ClickHouse in a serverless offering that takes care of the details so you can spend more time getting insight out of the fastest database on earth.
  • DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
Implementation languageC++C++Go
Server operating systemsLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data and Strings
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like DML and DDL statementsClose to ANSI SQL (SQL/JSON + extensions)SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
JDBC
MySQL wire protocol
ODBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Proprietary protocol
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Supported programming languagesAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC# info3rd party library
C++
Elixir info3rd party library
Go info3rd party library
Java info3rd party library
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party library
Kotlin info3rd party library
Nim info3rd party library
Perl info3rd party library
PHP info3rd party library
Python info3rd party library
R info3rd party library
Ruby info3rd party library
Rust
Scala info3rd party library
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingkey based and customSharding infoin enterprise version only
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorAsynchronous and synchronous physical replication; geographically distributed replicas; support for object storages.selectable replication factor infoin enterprise version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoDepending on used storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosAccess rights for users and roles. Column and row based policies. Quotas and resource limits. Pluggable authentication with LDAP and Kerberos. Password based, X.509 certificate, and SSH key authentication.simple rights management via user accounts
More information provided by the system vendor
Apache ImpalaClickHouseInfluxDB
Specific characteristicsInfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesTime to Value InfluxDB is available in all the popular languages and frameworks,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT & Sensor Monitoring Developers are witnessing the instrumentation of every available...
» more
Key customersInfluxData has more than 1,900 paying customers, including customers include MuleSoft,...
» more
Market metricsFastest-growing database to drive 27,500 GitHub stars Over 750,000 daily active instances
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for Clickhouse: Managed cloud data warehousing with high-speed analytics.
» more

DoubleCloud: Fully managed ClickHouse alongside best-in-class managed open-source services to build analytics at scale.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Apache ImpalaClickHouseInfluxDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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