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DBMS > Apache Druid vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Apache Druid vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.32
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score117.26
Rank#11  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score20.06
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitedruid.apache.orgwww.snowflake.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201220142014
Current release25.0.0, January 20233.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache license v2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Unix
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL for queryingyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyesyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlRBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Apache DruidSnowflakeSpark SQL
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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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Recent citations in the news

Apache Druid 25.0 Delivers Multi-Stage Query Engine and ...
19 January 2023, InfoQ.com

Stream Big, Think Bigger: Analyze Streaming Data at Scale
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Cordial Enhances First-Party Data Capabilities on Snowflake ...
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Snowflake vs. Informatica: Data Management Comparison | eWEEK
24 January 2023, eWeek

Snowflake vs. Looker: Data Analytics Comparison 2023 | eWEEK
11 January 2023, eWeek

Snowflake's Smart Acquisition Should Excite Its Investors
26 January 2023, The Motley Fool

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27 July 2022, CrowdStrike

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